Developing an efficient and sustainable biomass supply chain in 5 European Nature Parks


Location:  North East Greece nearby the Greek – Bulgarian borders.
Surface area: 173.150ha.
Establishment of the park: 2009
Natural significance: Seven (7) areas of the RMRNP have been integrated into the Natura 2000 network according to the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC and the 2009/147/EC (two (2) SPA and five (5) SCI), 2 areas have been characterized as Preserved Natural Monuments, seven (7) areas as Wildlife Reserves according to the Greek law and three (3) regions which have been characterized by the European Council as Biogenetic Stocks.

Location:  Province of Styria, eastern Alps
Surface area: 27.700ha.
Establishment of the park: 1983
Communities: Kleinsolk; St. Nikolai; Großsölk

The Sölktäler Nature Park GmbH, one of Austria’s largest Nature Park, is located in the eastern Alps in Styria. The main tasks of the Park are based on protection, education, recreation and regional development. As such, the activities of the Park include implementation of conservation projects, implementation of tourist development concepts and support to the 4 Nature Park schools, through different nature and educational initiatives.
Among its natural resources, the Park hosts 5 Protected Areas, 5 SCI, including Schwarzensee (lake) and Sölker marble cave. Since 2004 the Park is working to enhance, among the population, the concept of natural value/identity, where nature should be considered a resourceful framework where to live and work.

The forested area of the nature park is 14,856 hecatres (Natreg, 2011). Aside from harvested forests, this consists of protection, welfare, and recreational forest covered areas, and also those that are stocked with mountain pine and green alder. According to the Forest Development Plan 1999, just under half of the area (46%) belongs to small forest holders <200 ha, the second half is divided among private forest owners >200ha. The Austrian Federal Forests has no possessions in the nature park. The calculated standing volume pertains only to harvested forests and productive protection forest.

Location: Esztergom, Hungary
Surface area: 1 354 903 ha
Establishment of the park: 1997

The Danube-Ipoly National Park was the ninth national park founded in Hungary, and is perhaps the most diversified of all of them. Situated between the Danube and the Ipoly Rivers, it keeps the Pilis-Visegrád Hills, Börzsöny, Ipoly Valley and the Danubian part of the Great Plain in one unit and is committed to preserving the natural values of the highland woods and river habitats.

The national park includes several impressive hills, such as the Csóványos (938 m), the Nagy-Hideg Hill (864 m), the Pilis Peak (756 m) and the Dobogó-ký (699 m). The rock-bed of the Pilis Hills stretching from Esztergom to Budapest is made up of limestone and dolomite. Because of the basic characteristics of the rock formation, the hills are exceptionally rich in caves. Most of the 334 caves of the national park can be found in the Pilis Hills. Other areas of importance include the Pilis Biosphere Reserve, the Ipoly Valley Ramsarian Area, the Pilis Hill-side Forest Reserve, the Preacher’s Podium Forest Reserve and the Pogány-Rózsási Forest Reserve.

Danube Ipoly National Park Directorate’s (DINPD) operation area covers 1 354 903 hectares in central Hungary including 128 771 hectares of protected areas where DINPD is the nature conservation manager of the area. 13000 hectares of the operation area are managed directly by DINPD.
Further information in Hungarian

 Danube-Ipoly National park Directorate (DINPD) joined the BIOEUPARKS project, because the biomass by-product resulting from nature conservation management is often left on the sites without or against conservation preferences. During this project possibilities of sustainable energetic use of this biomass can be examined. Based upon the results the DINPD can plan the possibilities of shifting for biomass heating in its buildings. On the other hand the biomass could be utilized in the already existing biomass heaters in the area. If this results a decrease in costs of heating and usage of fossil fuels that could be a good example for other stakeholders in the area (eg. local governments institutions, schools) and stimulate investments also in other parts of the country.

Location: Calabria
Surface Area: 73.695,00 ha
Provinces: Catanzaro, Cosenza, Crotone
Municipalities: Acri, Albi, Aprigliano, Bocchigliero, Celico, Corigliano Calabro, Cotronei, Longobucco, Magisano, Mesoraca, Pedace, Petilia Policastro, Petronà, San Giovanni in Fiore, Savelli, Serra Pedace, Sersale, Spezzano della Sila, Spezzano Piccolo, Taverna, Zagarise
Establishment Measures: L 344 8/10/1997 - DPR 14/11/2002
PA Official List: EUAP0550
Park Authority: Ente Parco Nazionale della Sila

Being a predominantly mountain and woodland territory, Sila has represented a valuable economic resource for populations that have settled in Calabria since ancient times. This is witnessed by the old sawmills existing in Sila forests and constituting, today, literal examples of industrial archaeology, as well as by the thousands of carbon sinks spread all over the Park, normally in beech woods, that have been used for many years to produce coal. The present-day role of Sila National Park is to increase and make available to everybody the natural heritage of Sila highland, preserving its rich biodiversity, supporting social well-being, creating cultural added value and attracting tourists; these are all important aspects of a sound territory management.

Location: Eastern Slovenia, west of The Sotla (a border river with Croatia)
Surface area: 206 km2
Establishment of the park: 1981
Natural significance: Valuable natural features: 89, almost the entire park is an ecological important area, Natura 2000 (SPA) site for 12 bird species, Natura 2000 (SCI) site for 15 animal species and seven habitat types.
Internatonal significance: UNESCO – MAB biosphere reserve Kozjansko & Obsotelje

Kozjanski Park is an IUCN category V protected area – a Regional Park. It measures 206-sq. km. and it was founded in year 1981 with the proclamation of the law by the Parliament of Slovenia. The Center is in small village Podsreda (Slovenia). It is very rich in natural and cultural heritage, there are no heavy industries or any others activities, which would have negative influence on protected area.
Kozjanski park is located in the Eastern part of Slovenia and is a mosaic comprised of the sub-Alpine Posavsko Hills, wine-bearing slopes, and plains along the Sotla River. The hight rate of biodiversity ranks Kozjanski Park among the most important nature reserves in Slovenia and Europe, and most of the park is protected as a special NATURA 2000 reserve.
It is responsible for implementing all the national nature conservation legislation in this area. Till now, many projects were successfully completed. Kozjanski Park has stablished very strong connections to the local inhabitants and schools and represents very significant part of cultural and social life in the area.