Developing an efficient and sustainable biomass supply chain in 5 European Nature Parks

Frequently Asked Questions


BioEUParks is a Project applied under IEE Altener Programme, addressing the 2012 proposed priority ‘Solid biomass’. The Project is going to contribute to increase the local supply of biomass from sustainably managed forests and from agricultural residues and promote its most efficient use in heating and CHP installations.

BioEUParks aims to develop an efficient and sustainable biomass supply chain in 5 European Nature Parks, promoting short chains and small-scale installations. This can be realised thanks to an approach promoting sharing of objectives and co-planning with local key actors. For this reason, the project also aims to develop a methodology of encounter, discussion, sharing and co-planning for overcome the social conflicts that can born in occasion of significant structural interventions.

Furthermore the project aims to mainstream the experience done and improve the skills of Nature Park managers, engineers and technicians on the matters dealt with the project.

The expected results of the project:

  • 197.626,05 tons of ‘solid biomass’ stocked per year
  • 50.394, 64 kWhel/year produced from CHP plants, 459.480,57 kWhth/year thermal energy produced
  • 330 Nature Park managers, engineers and technicians trained
  • 100 participants to the international conference
  • At least 100 Nature Parks will be reached by the project
  • 360 local key actors and stakeholders (public and private) will be involved in national workshops, 5.000 citizens and general public will be informed about the project, 7.500 in total, if considered the countries not directly involved in the project

To provide a methodology for better set-up and manage a local biomass supply chain based on the exploitation of solid biomass in 5 Nature Parks, the project will bring the main features, such as:

  • Environmental sustainability: the environmental impact, as well as the influence on the lives and healthy safe of locals, will be reduced at the minimum.
  • Sharing with locals: participation sharing and co-planning with all relevant key actors, as a transparent and democratic method will overcome the social conflicts.
  • Long term perspective: the capability of the system to maintain itself over time under social, economic and environmental aspects.
  • Local Income: contribution to the increase of the income of local economic activities.

The sustainability criteria for biomass issued by the European Commission, are the non-binding recommendations which are meant to apply to energy installations of at least 1MW thermal heat or electrical power and:

  • forbid the use of biomass from land converted from forest, and other high carbon stock areas, as well as highly biodiverse areas
  • ensure that biofuels emit at least 35% less greenhouse gases over their lifecycle (cultivation, processing, transport, etc.) when compared to fossil fuels. For new installations this amount rises to 50% in 2017 and 60% in 2018
  • favour national biofuels support schemes for highly efficient installations
  • encourage the monitoring of the origin of all biomass consumed in the EU to ensure their sustainability

(source: European Commission)

A National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) is an action plan that all Member States of the European Union were obliged to notify to the European Commission by 30 June 2010.
The plan provides detailed road map of how the Member State expected to reach its legally binding 2020 target for the share of renewable energy in their total energy consumption, as required by Article 4 of the Renewables Directive. In the plan, the Member State sets out sectorial targets, the technology mix they expect to use, the trajectory they will follow and the measures and reforms they will undertake to overcome the barriers to developing renewable energy

The plans cover:

•    individual renewable energy targets for the electricity, heating and cooling, and transport sectors
•    the planned mix of different renewables technologies
•    policy measures to achieve national targets including cooperation between local, regional, and national authorities
•    any planned statistical transfers and/or joint projects with other countries
•    national policies to develop biomass resources
•    measures to ensure that biofuels used to meet renewable energy targets are in compliance with the EU's sustainability criteria

(source: European Commission)

The European Union adopted the Energy & Climate Package (March 2007). This package sets ambitious energy and climate targets, the 3x20 objectives: 20% emissions reduction, 20% increase of renewable energy and 20% increase in energy efficiency by 2020. In order to reach these targets, Member States must  take on binding national targets for raising the share of renewable energy in their energy consumption by 2020.
The national targets will enable the EU as a whole to reach its 20% renewable energy target for 2020 - more than double the 2010 level of 9.8% - as well as a 10% share of renewable energy in the transport sector. The targets will also help to cut greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the EU’s dependence on imported energy.

Click here to read the OVERVIEW OF EUROPE 2020 TARGETS